L-Verse: Bidirectional Generation Between Image and Text

CVPR 2022 (Oral)

Taehoon Kim, Gwangmo Song, Sihaeng Lee, Sangyun Kim, Yewon Seo, Soonyoung Lee, Seunghwan Kim, Honglak Lee, Kyunghoon Bae


Far beyond learning long-range interactions of natural language, transformers are becoming the de-facto standard for many vision tasks with their power and scalabilty. Especially with cross-modal tasks between image and text, vector quantized variational autoencoders (VQ-VAEs) are widely used to make a raw RGB image into a sequence of feature vectors. To better leverage the correlation between image and text, we propose L-Verse, a novel architecture consisting of feature-augmented variational autoencoder (AugVAE) and bidirectional auto-regressive transformer (BiART) for text-to-image and image-to-text generation. Our AugVAE shows the state-of-the-art reconstruction performance on ImageNet1K validation set, along with the robustness to unseen images in the wild. Unlike other models, BiART can distinguish between image (or text) as a conditional reference and a generation target. L-Verse can be directly used for image-to-text or text-to-image generation tasks without any finetuning or extra object detection frameworks. In quantitative and qualitative experiments, L-Verse shows impressive results against previous methods in both image-to-text and text-to-image generation on MS-COCO Captions. We furthermore assess the scalability of L-Verse architecture on Conceptual Captions and present the initial results of bidirectional vision-language representation learning on general domain.